According to one version, the Arabs first came up with knitting. During their famous campaigns, the Crusaders spotted the subtleties of the craft and brought this knowledge to Spain. In another version, it is believed that the Coptic monks, whose clothes stood out against the background of roughly woven Europeans, brought knitting techniques to the Old World. For certain to find out who exactly scored the first loop on the spokes, most likely will not succeed. The age of knitting techniques also varies greatly, from 5-6 hundreds of years to millennia. Now things made with knitting and crocheting still remain relevant. Some craftswomen create toilets full of hats, gloves, skirts, sweaters and purses made of thread. Knitted decor for the house brings a feeling of warmth and comfort. In addition, such things are easy to do yourself, just enough to carve out a window in the graphics for needlework. The article will talk about knitting techniques and options for decorating the rooms with cute hand-made things.
Interesting facts about knitting
Now knitting is considered a purely female hobby, but it was not always the case. In the 17th century, in France and the Czech Republic, men entered into a fierce fight with women for a monopoly in knitting stockings. Women were forced out of the craft in every possible way. There were special agreements between the leading stockers, under which they undertook not to hire young ladies to work. A century earlier, when knitwear was still a wonder, the Swedish king had under 30 pairs of socks made on knitting needles. The cost of each was equal to the annual salary of the monarch's valet. Since the threads are decaying with time, scientists have not been able to find ancient samples of knitted garments for a long time, but once they were lucky. The “oldest” sock is considered to be a find in the same tomb of the Egyptian pharaoh. The clothing item had a symbolic pattern that was supposed to protect the wearer from failures and tricks of “harmful” deities, and its age is more than a thousand years. In African tribes, instead of knitting needles, they use special wooden frames, which, by the way, have also been used for more than one century. The first knitting machine was invented in 1589 by an English monk. Prices for "stamped" products have decreased, since their production has become less expensive, but the craft of knitting by hand has not sunk into oblivion. On the contrary, such details of clothing and decor began to be valued many times higher, because they were unique. The common name of the material that is created on the machines - knitwear. The yarn is used more thin, which allows you to do elegant things with neat patterns. Unlike the fabric, where two systems of threads are intertwined, knitted fabrics are created by connecting loops. The secret nickname "queen of knitwear" in the world of high fashion was received by Sonia Rykiel. Her designer sweaters were worn by Audrey Hepburn and Francoise Hardy. Now in different parts of the globe held a series of competitions in high-speed knitting. The absolute record holder at the moment is considered to be Dutchwoman Miriam Tegels. She binds 118 loops in 1 minute. But in another competition, a man distinguished himself, who in less than 6 hours produced a three meter long scarf. Knitting was one of the types of needlework, which in addition to painting and embroidery polls involved girls from wealthy families in the Middle Ages. Many gizmos became real objects of art, because the young ladies had a lot of free time.
At the moment there are two main types of mating:
- On the needles;
Although there are a number of less popular techniques with the help of a fork or a shuttle. Knitting needles can be knit in English and European (continental) way. The only difference is that, in the first case, a thread from a ball is placed on the index finger of the right hand, and in the second case - with the left. European technology is popular in Japan, but in China they prefer American. In the most
Britain and the United States use both methods. Although there is no significant difference in them, many choose the mating method for left-handed and right-handed people. If you have to work with knitting needles, then there are two basic types of loops:
The loops are interconnected, as the faces on the back look like purl and vice versa. They are used in any mating. To obtain complex patterns (cones, pigtails, mesh), crossed, elongated, edging, double, air, extension and double stitches are added to the canvas. Among the types of mating note stocking (normal and elastic), shawl, Scandinavian two-tone, rice, enterlak, patchwork, quilt and dominoes. Also popular is the so-called "gum." It is classified into English, convex, hollow, double, with displaced or crossed loops. If the craftswoman prefers crocheting, then for work most often use two techniques:
- Tunisian knitting;
- Irish lace.
In addition to them, they also use smooth surface, Nukking, sirloin, Bavarian and relief knitting. In the knitters' canvases, there will be air loops (the basis for crocheting), embossed, connecting posts and semi-columns with one (two, three, four) double crochet, or “pitch”, pico. With the help of yarn and a hook, you can create an original, beautiful decoration for your home interior with your own hands. Craftswomen knit pillowcases for pillows, blankets, napkins, potholders, hotplates and sofa covers, dishes, bottles.
In recent years, the technique of knitting hands without any special devices is gaining popularity, that is, loops are gaining fingers. Any yarn is suitable for this method. You can buy special thick, fluffy threads, from which volumetric things are obtained, or use the usual ones to get a laced product.
Pillows, blankets - warmth and comfort in the interior
Pillows and rugs are the main home decoration for upholstered furniture and a great way to learn simple knitting techniques for beginners. Pillowcases are made on the same principle as they were, but with the subsequent fastening of the lock or stitching part of the rear backrest, which will form a pocket. Although hand-knitting is not as perfect as machine knitting, after the first wash, the rows of loops on the products, as a rule, are aligned. For the manufacture of blankets use four techniques:
|Straight||No different from the usual knitting, as the transitions are carried out from row to row.|
|Oblique or diagonal||In this case, you need to move from the corner to the middle with a set of loops, and then again to the corner with their decrease.|
|Circular||Blankets so knit quite rarely, as the technique is mainly used for the manufacture of rugs. At the same time, they move from the center of the web to its edges.|
|Modular||At first they connect separate parts of the rug, which are subsequently sewn together. The technique is similar to patchwork.|
For pillows, the methods are similar with the exception of circular knitting, which is not used because of the special shape of the finished product. Especially interesting knitted patchwork. Individual modules can be connected after fabrication or in the process. Sew them together with a needle - the easiest option. Connecting with a hook allows you to create openwork gaps between the modules, which will add a blanket of elegance. For work you need colored yarn and knitting needles. Modules can have a classic square shape or be round, triangular, in the form of asterisks or rhombuses.
Miniature children's beds can be used instead of envelopes for babies, if you need to take a walk with your child or visit the clinic.
Knitted furniture covers
Furniture covers are needed primarily to protect its surface from wear, and beauty fades into the background. Many people think so, but functional does not always mean mediocre. Using knitting needles or a hook, you can tie up most of the furniture and decorate the house with a cozy and soft hand-made. Also, a warm "protection" will help change the style in the interior or disguise the useless upholstery. When knitting seat covers and sofas usually combine two techniques. The main part of the web, in contact with the human body, is performed without patterns and relief elements that can cause some discomfort when sitting or lying down. But the hanging parts, covering the lower part of the sofa and armrests, can already be created with pigtails, knobs, flowers. To make such patterns, you will need charts that can be found on the Internet or in special needlework magazines.
Padded stools have become a convenient and easy replacement for bulky armchairs and hard chairs. They are mobile, soft and perfectly repeat the shape of the body, allowing you to take any posture while sitting. Padded stools have a small height, so they are convenient in cases when a person is engaged in something at the coffee table or directly on the floor. Lack of back is good for the spine. Sitting on a pouf is similar to practicing with a fitball, when a person has to maintain balance and find balance, thereby passively connecting various groups of muscles. If necessary, such furniture can be used instead of tables. Puffs are organically combined with modern style and are considered the best option for small apartments, where there is no place for massive furniture. To create a simple frameless element will require:
- 700 grams of thick yarn;
- Spokes (15 mm);
- Foam rubber for filling;
- Threads and needles or hook for stitching.
To make an ottoman width and height of 50 cm, you need to dial 40-50 loops. It is necessary to knit about 140-150 rows. Instead of painstaking counting, the method of measuring “by eye” is usually used. The length of the first recruited row will be the height of the future ottoman, and the width of the mating will become its “circumference”. After the fabric is ready, its “short” edges are stitched. Sidewalls are tightened and fixed from the inside as well, having previously been filled with foam rubber.
Knitted dining accessories
With the help of yarn and knitting needles or a hook, you can create not only ordinary napkins, but also covers for cups, glasses, tacks, decorative towels or hot plates. For the manufacture of hubcaps or caps for teapots use woolen threads. They are known to keep warm well and will keep it much longer. A similar situation with covers for cups and coasters. Wool "clothes" will help stretch the savoring warm tea and save hands from burns. Acrylic or cotton yarns are used for tacking. Synthetics in contact with a hot pan melt. Tacks and pads under the hot will be a nice and cozy decoration in the kitchen. Crochet knit openwork festive tablecloths that will blend in with the rustic and ethnic style, Provence. If there is not enough space in the kitchen, then the cutlery stand can be safely abandoned in favor of hanging “pockets”. They are knitted with needles, and then fixed directly on the wall. Of course, pre-cutlery must be dried so that the moisture in the pockets does not accumulate.
Rugs and walkways are very popular even in modern interiors. This cozy addition will make a strict environment softer and more alive. Rugs can have very different shapes, from classic squares and circles to asymmetrical options. The latter are performed in the technique of knitted patchwork. From small round rugs lay out the whole "tracks" on the floor along the main "highway" of the room. For the bathroom such products are not suitable, as they retain moisture and over time will begin to emit an unpleasant smell. But in this situation there is a way out, because instead of yarn, you can use plastic bags. Of them twisted bundles that replace the thread. Knit such rugs, waterproof better crochet.
It is possible to make rugs not only from a yarn or packages. In the course will go spoiled nylon pantyhose, ribbons for bows and even old T-shirts, cut into strips.
Openwork covers for candlesticks, vases and other containers
Covers for jars, candlesticks, bottles and boxes have long become a classic. They are ideally combined with Provence and retro. A simple jar will become a beautiful element of decor if it is decorated with knitted “clothes” with a folding collar at the neck. The compositions of tare of different sizes with covers made in several techniques look original. Candlesticks at night, thanks to the mating, will exude a soft, diffused light, which will be a pleasant addition to the romantic atmosphere. It is possible to decorate with covers not only capacities, but also candles. They are “dressed” in “sweaters” with clasps and buttons. Such compositions look great under a New Year tree, near Easter cake and a basket with eggs.
New Year's decor
In the New Year you always want something special. In addition to the standard set of festoons, rain and balls, the tree is decorated with knitted snowflakes, animals and hearts. They make warm “pockets” of yarn into which pine cones and miniature gifts are placed. If there is no Christmas tree itself, then it is made from threads. A miniature version of the green beauty, of course, will not replace the coniferous original, but will help to create a sense of celebration. Knitted balls and balls of wool collect wreaths, which are additionally decorated with sequins, beads, buttons, ribbons and cones. Bells with flirty satin bows, made with knitting needles, will decorate the window, Christmas tree and candles on the table. Bearded Santa Claus is also made from yarn with a hook. Such miniatures decorate any surface and complement other decorations.
Knitted pillowcases for pillows supply with pockets. On New Year's holidays they put spruce twigs decorated with spangles in them.
Knitted toys - amigurumi and not only
Amigurumi is a technique of knitting animals and humanized objects (muffins, rolls, fruits, hats), which appeared in Japan. The description of the method is easy to find on the Internet. The word “amigurumi” is translated from Japanese as “wrapped, knitted”. Perhaps, the technique would have remained popular only in Japan itself, if at the end of the last century the world did not embrace the fashion for all the “kawai”, that is, causing emotion, lovely. One of the symbols of this culture was the baby Hello Kitty, which the Japanese actively knit in all sorts of colors and clothes. In the technique of amigurumi create deer, cats, dogs, bears, fish, octopus. The main thing that the toy turned out touching. The size of the classic amigurum did not exceed 10 cm. Now there is a tendency of growth of toys, some models can reach 50 cm in height. Amigurumi is used instead of trinkets for keys or bags, but some collect entire collections on the shelves at home. Knit and crochet beasts. The Japanese also like to make anime and manga characters in such a technique: Pikachu (and other Pokemon), Ponyo, Totoro.
Knitting is an exercise that soothes nerves and produces patience. This type of needlework develops fine motor skills of hands, which is useful for both adults and children. The decor, created by knitting or crocheting, will be an original, cute and just a beautiful addition to home comfort.